Omanis compare Al- Hijr Mountains to the human backbone, so they call the Governorates, which lies on the Sea of Oman North and South Al- Batinah (lit. internal), and that lies west of the heights Adh-Dhahirah (lit. external).
North and South Al- Batinah Governorates are the beach formed by the Wadis (valleys) descending from the mountains, whose width varies between 15 and 80 kilometers. There are the main two agricultural governorates in Oman, not to mention the nearby mountains and glittering beaches. North and South Al- Batinah Governorates are distinguished by the presence of some rare trees, such as Al- Mashut in Wilayat Liwa and Ad- Dibaj in Wilayat As- Suwaiq.
Ar-Rustaq is the provincial center of the South Al- Batinah Governorate and Sohar is the provincial center of the North Al- Batinah Governorate. Sohar lies about 230km from the capital, Muscat. Sohar was the capital of Oman before the advent of Islam, known by the name of Majan. It is one of the most important Wilayats in North Al- Batinah Governorate and has been famous for producing and exporting copper for a long time.
In the fourth century AH (tenth AD), Al-Maqdisi described Sohar as “a thriving city with a large population and a beautiful city providing comfortable living. Its impressive residential districts spread along the beach, and its towering buildings are built with baked brick and teak wood.” "Sohar’s mosque overlook the sea and its towering minaret,” adding that what distinguishes the city is "its prosperous markets that attract shoppers’ attention and admiration.”
The Wilayats of North Al- Batinah Governorate are: Sohar, As- Suwaiq, Al-Khabourah, Saham, Liwa, and Shinas.
The Wilayats of South Al- Batinah Governorate are: Barka, Wadi Al- Ma'awil, Nakhl, Al -Awabi, Ar-Rustaq, and Al- Musanah.
Many places in both governorates attract tourism, such as:
For More Tourism Information Visit https://www.omantourism.gov.om